Quick Tip: Centre two or more points on a Google map

Google Maps, Javascript, Quick Tip

When you have one Latitude/Longitude (LatLng) point on a map, it is easy to centre the map on that point by setting the center property of the map options or calling the setCenter function of the map object with the point.

// Create LatLng point
var latLngOne = new google.maps.LatLng( "51.5072", "0.1275" ),
    // Create map with point as centre while setting the zoom level
    map = new google.maps.Map( document.getElementById( "map" ), {
        zoom    : 8
        center  : latLngOne

The above code, centres a map on a single point in London. What if you wish to set the centre of the map to show more than one point though? The center property and setCenter function only take one LatLng point. So how can you calculate the LatLng centre of two or more random points so the map is centred and has to correct zoom level to show all the points?

To do this, you have to create an instances of a LatLngBounds. A bounds works by calculating an area that encompasses the points you pass to it. You can then pass the bounds getCenter function to the center property of the map options.

// Create LatLng points
var latLngOne = new google.maps.LatLng( "51.5072", "0.1275" ),
    latLngTwo = new google.maps.LatLng( "51.751724", "-1.255284" ),
    // Create instance of LatLngBounds
    latLngBounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds();

// Extend bounds with LatLng point - could also put points in an array and loop over calling extend on each one
latLngBounds.extend( latLngOne );
latLngBounds.extend( latLngTwo );

// Create map using getCenter function of LatLngBounds instance as the LatLng point for the centre property
var map = new google.maps.Map( document.getElementById( "map" ), {
    center  : latLngBounds.getCenter()

// Pass bounds to map function fitBounds so map shows the area covered by the bounds
map.fitBounds( latLngBounds );


Google Maps Javascript API v3

18th April, 2013

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